Pilots performance and flight safety: flight physiology in unpressurized aircraft cabins

Pilots performance and flight safety: flight physiology in unpressurized aircraft cabins

(Journal Article)

Journal: Journal of Air Transport Studies
Year: 2015
ISSN: 1791-6771
Volume: 6
Issue: 1
Pages: 1-12

Abstract

Light aviation pilots are exposed to many different environmental situations due to the unpressurised and unacclimatised aircraft cabins. Literature review suggests that a significant number of incidents and fatalities occurring within this type of aviation are related to human factor. This could be a worrying situation because of various psychophysiological reactions shown by different pilots under the same flight conditions. This study analyses the influence of the flight environmental conditions and the pilot’s psychophysiological parameters when performing tasks, and different flight situations, taking some of their everyday habits into consideration. A portable, ergonomic monitoring system was built for the purpose. This system records cerebral oximetry and atmospheric pressure in order to correlate the influence of altitude with the pilot’s physiological response in different stages of the flight. It was observed that physiological reactions such as hypoxia and stress, combined with the environmental conditions, can influence the pilot’s cognitive response.

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First Author

Luis Patrão

Luis Patrão

Sara Zorro

Sara Zorro

André Marques

André Marques

Ana Coelho

Ana Coelho

Jorge Silva

Jorge Silva