Pilots Performance and Flight Safety: Flight Physiological in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins
(Comunicação em Conferência)
Light aviation pilots are exposed to many different environmental situations due to the unpressurized and unacclimatized aircraft cabin. A literature review on this theme suggests that a significant part of the incidents and fatalities, within the aviation that uses unpressurized aircraft cabins, are related to the human factor. This may be a concerning situation due to the disparity of human body reaction between different pilots to the same flight conditions.
This study general objective is to analyse the influence of flight environmental conditions and pilots psychophysiological parameters on task performance, during different flight situations, considering some of his everyday habits. To this end a portable and ergonomic monitoring system was built. This system records the cerebral oximetry, to study the hypoxia phenomenon, and the atmospheric pressure, in order to correlate the influence of altitude with the pilot’s physiological response, during different flight stages.
With the experimental work was observed that the physiological reaction to the psychological factors, as arousal, stress and fatigue, combined with the environmental conditions can highly influence the pilot’s physiological response.
With this research is also intended to suggest that a potential restriction on pilots licensing legislation for light aviation, regarding specific physiological parameters, would be a positive contribution to a safer flight environment.