Sara Zorro

Sara Zorro

Sara Zorro (Female, MSc, PhD Student), has a graduation in Aeronautical Engineering from the University of Beira Interior (UBI), (Covilhã, Portugal) since 2012, and currently she is a PhD Student in Transport Systems at Instituto Superior Técnico (IST) and medical student at UBI. Actually, since 2014, she is a research collaborator at the Institute for Research and Innovation in Civil Engineering for Sustainability (CERIS). The areas of scientific activity of Sara Zorro are Air Transport in general and Flight Safety and Accessibility in particular. She has published 2 articles in international journals with scientific referee, and more than 10 communications in proceedings of national and international conferences.

Conference Proceedings

Year Conference Title Authors
2016 14th WCTR Air Transport Constraints: Passengers with Reduced Mobility Sara Zorro, Rosario Macário & Jorge Silva
2016 20th ATRS World Conference Air Transportation: Perception and Impact of Passengers with Reduced Mobility Sara Zorro, Rosario Macário & Jorge Silva
2015 AIRDEV II Accessibility Constrains in Air Transportation Sara ZorroRosario Macário & Jorge Silva
2015 ICEUBI2015 Psychophysiological Factors Analysis in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins Luis Patrão, Sara Zorro & Jorge Silva
2015 ICEUBI2015 Airport Infrastructures and Persons with Reduced Mobility Sofia Gaspar, Sara Zorro & Jorge Silva
2015 ICEUBI2015 Airport Emergency Protocols for Passengers with Reduced Mobility: Constrains and Possible Solutions Claudia G. Pires, Sara Zorro & Jorge Silva
2015 14th TRANSED conference Constraints in the Airport Emergency Protocols for Passengers with Reduced Mobility Claudia G. Pires,  Sara Zorro & Jorge Silva
2015 14th TRANSED conference Acessibility Constraints in the Airport Terminal Facilities Sofia GasparSara Zorro & Jorge Silva
2015 14th TRANSED conference Acessibility Constraints in the Airport-Aircraft Transfer Sara ZorroRosario Macário & Jorge Silva
2015 3 EJIL Psychophysiological Factors Analysis in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins Sara Zorro & Jorge Silva
2014 18th ATRS World Conference Psychophysiological Factors Analysis in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins Ana CoelhoSara Zorro, Luis Patrão & Jorge Silva
2014 11th Annual Transports Study Group Conference Psychophysiological Factors Analysis in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins Ana CoelhoSara Zorro, Luis Patrão & Jorge Silva
2013 19th APDR Congress Light Aviation and Flight Safety: Monitoring System for Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins Luis PatrãoSara Zorro, André MarquesAna CoelhoJorge Silva
2013 17th ATRS World Conference Pilots Performance and Flight Safety: Flight Physiological in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins Luis PatrãoSara Zorro, André Marques, Ana CoelhoJorge Silva
2013 16th Meeting of the EWGT Light Aviation and Flight Safety: Physiological Parameters Monitorization Luis PatrãoSara Zorro, André MarquesAna CoelhoJorge Silva
2013 10th Annual Transports Study Group Conference Pilots Performance and Flight Safety: Flight Physiological in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins Sara Zorro & Jorge Silva
2012 52nd ERSA Congress Light Aviation and Flight Safety: Monitoring System for Unpressurised  Cabins. Physiological Parameters Monitorization Sara Zorro, André Marques, Luis PatrãoJorge Silva & M. Castelo-Branco
2012 52nd ERSA Congress Light Aviation and Flight Safety: Monitoring System for Unpressurized  Cabins. Flight and Physiological Data Acquisition André Marques, Sara ZorroJorge Silva, Luis PatrãoM. Castelo-Branco

Journal Articles

Name: EFATraS – Environmentally-Friendly Aeronautical Transport Systems
Duration: 2013 to 2015
Participation: Scholarship 
Remarks: 4830 – CENTRO-07-ST24_FEDER-0020209
Name: AIRDEV – Business Models for Airport Development Management
Duration: 2009 to 2012
Participation: Scholarship 
Remarks: Project (MIT-pt/TS-AAS/0046/2008) of I&D of FCT under the Program MIT-Portugal
Name: CODIS – Controlo e Dinâmica de Sistemas Espaciais
Duration: 2010 to 2010
Participation: Scholarship 
Remarks: Project PTDC/CTE-SPA/64123/2006 from CAST – Centre for Aerospace Science and Technologies
Name: DyCoSS 2 – Dynamics and Control of Space Systems
Duration: 2008 to 2009
Participation: Scholarship 
Remarks: Project from CAST – Centre for Aerospace Science and Technologies

Pilots Performance and Flight Safety: Flight Physiology in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins

Supervisor
Jorge Silva

Jorge Silva

Programme: Flight Safety and Security
Year: 2012
Keywords: Light Aviation; Unpressurized and Unacclimatized Cabins; Physiological and Psychological Parameters; Safety Boundaries; Flight Conditions; Monitoring Systems.[/symple_column][symple_column size=”one-third” position=”first” class=””]

Abstract

Light aviation pilots are exposed to many different environmental situations due to the non-pressurized and non-acclimatized aircraft cabin. Some of those variations can push the human body to some limits, which associated with psychological factors may culminate in incidents or even fatalities. Actually, a literature review on this theme suggests that a significant part of the incidents and fatalities, within the light aviation that uses non-pressurized aircraft cabins, are related to the human factor. This analysis might bring up a concealed but significant and worrying phenomenon in terms of flight safety: changes of pilot performance in the amendment of psychological and physiological parameters, concerning to different stress levels and to pressure variations during the various flight stages, respectively. This may be a concerning situation due to the disparity of human body reaction between different pilots to the same flight conditions. Nature, both in terms of environmental factors, as pressure and temperature, or in human physiological and psychological behaviour, during the different flight phases, is unpredictable. Therefore, it is very difficult to establish safety boundaries.

This study general objective is to analyse the influence of flight environmental conditions and pilots psychophysiological parameters on task performance, during different flight situations, considering some of his everyday habits. To this end, a statistical analysis of a survey, regarding specific questions about the need for pilot’s attention monitoring systems, was made, and, in parallel, a portable and ergonomic monitoring system was built. This system equipment records cerebral oximetry, to study the hypoxia phenomenon and its importance, electrocardiography (ECG), and electroencephalography (EEG), in order to establish a correlation between the influence of mental workload and other physiological parameters during different flight stages.

The specific purpose of this study is to define physiological limits for each pilot, through simulation tests contemplating different flight scenarios, in order to create an on board alert system to prevent possible incidents.

With this research is also intended to suggest that a potential restriction on pilots licensing legislation for light aviation, within physiological limits definitions, would be a positive contribution to a safer flight environment.

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Flight Safety and Security Team leader

Sara Zorro

Sara Zorro

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NIT Researcher Since: 2011
Programme: Flight Safety and Security
Email: sara.zorro@tecnico.ulisboa.pt
Phone Number: +351 275 329 710

Interest Areas: