Sara Zorro (Female, MSc, PhD Student), has a graduation in Aeronautical Engineering from the University of Beira Interior (UBI), (Covilhã, Portugal) since 2012, and currently she is a PhD Student in Transport Systems at Instituto Superior Técnico (IST) and medical student at UBI. Actually, since 2014, she is a research collaborator at the Institute for Research and Innovation in Civil Engineering for Sustainability (CERIS). The areas of scientific activity of Sara Zorro are Air Transport in general and Flight Safety and Accessibility in particular. She has published 2 articles in international journals with scientific referee, and more than 10 communications in proceedings of national and international conferences.
|2016||Open Engineering||6||1||381t–t384||Physiological Factors Analysis in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins||Luís Patrão, Sara Zorro & Jorge Silva|
|2015||Journal of Air Transport Studies||6||1||1t–t12||Pilots performance and flight safety: flight physiology in unpressurized aircraft cabins||Luís Patrão, Sara Zorro, André Marques, Ana Coelho & Jorge Silva|
|2013||Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine||84||6||620t–t624||Flight Physiology Training Experiences and Perpectives: Survey of 117 Pilots||Luís Patrão, Sara Zorro, Jorge Silva, M. Castelo-Branco and J. Ribeiro|
|Name:||EFATraS – Environmentally-Friendly Aeronautical Transport Systems|
|Duration:||2013 to 2015|
|Remarks:||4830 – CENTRO-07-ST24_FEDER-0020209|
|Name:||AIRDEV – Business Models for Airport Development Management|
|Duration:||2009 to 2012|
|Remarks:||Project (MIT-pt/TS-AAS/0046/2008) of I&D of FCT under the Program MIT-Portugal|
|Name:||CODIS – Controlo e Dinâmica de Sistemas Espaciais|
|Duration:||2010 to 2010|
|Remarks:||Project PTDC/CTE-SPA/64123/2006 from CAST – Centre for Aerospace Science and Technologies|
|Name:||DyCoSS 2 – Dynamics and Control of Space Systems|
|Duration:||2008 to 2009|
|Remarks:||Project from CAST – Centre for Aerospace Science and Technologies|
Pilots Performance and Flight Safety: Flight Physiology in Unpressurized Aircraft Cabins
|Programme:||Flight Safety and Security|
|Keywords:||Light Aviation; Unpressurized and Unacclimatized Cabins; Physiological and Psychological Parameters; Safety Boundaries; Flight Conditions; Monitoring Systems.[/symple_column][symple_column size=”one-third” position=”first” class=””]|
Light aviation pilots are exposed to many different environmental situations due to the non-pressurized and non-acclimatized aircraft cabin. Some of those variations can push the human body to some limits, which associated with psychological factors may culminate in incidents or even fatalities. Actually, a literature review on this theme suggests that a significant part of the incidents and fatalities, within the light aviation that uses non-pressurized aircraft cabins, are related to the human factor. This analysis might bring up a concealed but significant and worrying phenomenon in terms of flight safety: changes of pilot performance in the amendment of psychological and physiological parameters, concerning to different stress levels and to pressure variations during the various flight stages, respectively. This may be a concerning situation due to the disparity of human body reaction between different pilots to the same flight conditions. Nature, both in terms of environmental factors, as pressure and temperature, or in human physiological and psychological behaviour, during the different flight phases, is unpredictable. Therefore, it is very difficult to establish safety boundaries.
This study general objective is to analyse the influence of flight environmental conditions and pilots psychophysiological parameters on task performance, during different flight situations, considering some of his everyday habits. To this end, a statistical analysis of a survey, regarding specific questions about the need for pilot’s attention monitoring systems, was made, and, in parallel, a portable and ergonomic monitoring system was built. This system equipment records cerebral oximetry, to study the hypoxia phenomenon and its importance, electrocardiography (ECG), and electroencephalography (EEG), in order to establish a correlation between the influence of mental workload and other physiological parameters during different flight stages.
The specific purpose of this study is to define physiological limits for each pilot, through simulation tests contemplating different flight scenarios, in order to create an on board alert system to prevent possible incidents.
With this research is also intended to suggest that a potential restriction on pilots licensing legislation for light aviation, within physiological limits definitions, would be a positive contribution to a safer flight environment.